首页|学院概况|新闻通知|教学管理|科研管理|招生就业|课程建设|党建工作|学生管理|师资队伍
 
  外国语学院欢迎你!!...
当前位置: 首页>>课程建设>>英语教育系列课程教学团队>>正文
 

 

教学团队教学内容-彝族婚礼、丧葬习俗简介

2019年01月02日 08:30  点击:[]

彝族婚礼、丧葬习俗简介

A Brief Introduction to Marital and Burial Customs of Yi People

 

1.  彝族婚礼习俗简介

A Brief Introduction to Marriage Customs of Yi People

 

单元词汇/短语: 迎亲队伍   左脚舞  青棚  喜神  树葬  陶器葬  岩葬  水葬  天葬  土葬  火葬 

Vocabulary groom’s procession   Zuojiao dance   green roof   joy god   tree burial  pottery burial   rock burial   water burial   celestial burial   inhumation   cremation

 

彝族的婚礼是热闹而有趣的。举行婚礼这天,男方家喜气洋洋,亲朋满座。院子中间用树枝搭起一座青棚,棚内棚外披红挂彩,正中摆放着彝家喜神牌位。男方家娶亲的队伍来到女方家门前时,要接受女方的兄弟姊妹和同辈青年男女的泼水,以示欢迎和庆贺。展示完毕后,女方家招待娶亲的人喝水:先喝茶,后喝糖水,称为“先苦后甜”。一切完毕之后,女方家盛宴招待娶亲的人、亲朋好友以及本村本寨的乡亲。当晚,女方家院子里或房外广场上,人们通宵达旦地跳左脚舞。

The wedding of Yi people always turns to be an interesting carnival. On the wedding day, the bridegroom’s family is teamed with joy and happiness with all relatives getting together. In the middle of the yard, there is usually a green roof made of green tree brunches and it is decorated with colored ribbons and other colorful decorations. The memorial tablet of joy god stands in the middle of the green roof. When entering the bride’s house, the groom’s procession will accept the water-sprinkling from the bride’s brothers,sisters and peer young men and women, which indicates welcoming and celebrating. After that, the bride’s side will serve the groom’s procession with tea, then sweet water, which stands for bitter first and sweet afterwards. After all wedding rites finished, the bride’s side will entertain the groom’s procession, all relatives and villagers with big feasts. In the evening, all people will dance in the yard or square outside all through the night.

 

1.jpg           4.jpg                   

    

   

exercise

1. Express the words and phrases in English with the help of your dictionary.

2. Introduce the marriage customs of Yi  people briefly in English.

3. Make a 5-8 minute play-let on the wedding customs of Yi  people by group.

 

 

2.        彝族丧葬习俗简介

A Brief Introduction to Funeral Customs of Yi People

 

1.树葬:树葬是彝族古老的一种葬俗。人们用桶把裹着帛缎的骨头装起来,或放之于树洞,有说放之于灵房,称为“鬼桶”。

2.陶器葬:陶器葬又称为“直葬”、“冲天葬”。即是在人死后,用六尺高的坛罐,将死者放入站直,埋在土里,垒成坟堆。

3.岩葬:彝族是把骨灰装入陶罐再放入岩洞里。

4.水葬:一般是将死者抬去投入河中,任水冲走。后来衍变为将尸首背至河边或池边火化,将骨灰扫入河中冲走。

5.天葬:一般将死者背到山头上,任飞禽走兽来撕食。

6.土葬:即以棺木盛尸,挖墓穴,将棺木深埋土中,并以土丘为标记,垒砌坟冢。

7.火葬:以火焚尸的丧葬方式,在彝区传袭已久。

 

(1) Tree Burial

  Tree Burial is an ancient funeral custom among Yi people. People put the bones wrapped with silk cloth in a bucket or in a tree hole, which means the house of spirit and is called “spirit bucket ”.

  (2) Pottery Burial

  Also named as “Straight Burial” , “Towering Burial ”, pottery burial means that people always put the corpse straightly in a six-chi pottery, then, bury it and make it a grave mound.

  (3) Rock Burial

  Yi people usually put the ashes in a pottery and then put it in a cave.

  (4) Water Burial

  Yi people often put the corpse into a river and let the water wash it away. Later, Yi people carry the corpse to a river side and cremate it, then, sweep the ashes into the river and let the water wash it away.

  (5) Celestial Burial

  Yi people often carry the corpse to the top of a mountain and the body are exposed to birds of prey.

  (6) Inhumation

  Inhumation means that the corpse is put into a coffin which is buried into a grave marked with an earth hummock .

  (7) Cremation

  Cremation means burning the bodies, which has a long history among Yi people.

 

11.jpg   22.jpg        44.jpg77.jpg

66.jpg     55.jpg

 

 

exercise

Summarize the funeral types of Yi people in English.

 

上一条:教学团队教学内容-彝族民间音乐简介 下一条:教学团队教学内容-彝族服饰简介

关闭

 楚雄师范学院外国语学院版权所有 Copyright© School of Foreign Languages and Literature, CNU

云南省楚雄彝族自治州楚雄市鹿城南路461号 675000 电话:0878-3139813