Introduction of Yi Folk Handicrafts
单元词汇/短语(Key Words/Phrases): 工艺品Handicraft 工艺Craft 造型Sculpt 款式Style 图案纹饰Design and Pattern 审美观念Aesthetic Idea 色彩配置Color Configuration 漆器Lacquer ware 皮制漆器Leather Lacquer 木制漆器Wooden Lacquer 刺绣Embroidery 绣迹Embroidery Stitch 具象图案Representation Pattern 抽象图案Abstract pattern 色彩强烈Intense Color 色彩淡雅Quietly Elegant Color
Yi folk handicrafts contain a deep cultural connotation. The sculpt , style and pattern have tended to show the best wishes of Yi people praying for happy lives .They have also reflected Yi’s own aesthetic idea, religion, manner and custom. The ethnologic culture background has also been shown in their designs, patterns and color configurations.
Yi folk handicrafts give priority to practicability, and focus on functions and beautiful, combining the function with aesthetic request perfectly. Meanwhile, through some artistic polishing, they get the unification between practicability and aesthetic. Most of the handicrafts just use the local materials, and make it be what it ought to be, like making good use of abundant natural resources in Yunnan through the artistic polishing, which serves for human lives greatly. The reforms of Yi folk are manual labor-based and household sideline-based. The succession of rafting skill is mainly through generations, which calls varies of handicrafts and their products for distinctive personalities and unique style that varies from art to art.
彝族漆器工艺(Yi Lacquer Craft )
The lacquer craft is a blossoming flower in the brilliant Yi culture art. Occupying an important position in Yi people’s lives, it contains an indissoluble bond with Yi people. The brilliant craft of lacquer and designers’ fabulous ideas have been shown lively on the lacquer and lasted forever. The ancient Yi lacquer can be divided into two parts, which are leather lacquer and wooden lacquer. It can also be regarded as a lacquer tableware, which like circular table, wooden helmet, wooden plate, stilt wooden helmet, wooden bowl, wooden spoon and leather bowl, etc. The lacquer craft differs from one another in sculpt. The most splendiferous but scientific design is Yi flagon. Its process is unique and delicate, permeating with Yi people’s wisdom and aesthetic ability, whose name is “Sarbo”. Yi colorized lacquer has remained less than three colors in all ages, which are black, red and yellow, then other decorative colors mainly remain these three colors. Referring to Yi painting, it has formed the decorative art style of giving the priority of black and coordinate with red and yellow in terms of art and craft. Colors based on black, red and yellow are most typical, especially for the painting colors on tableware, flagon and saddle. In the long river of history development, different natural views of color and color art are characteristic at different times, which makes it the important issue of natural culture.
It is an embodiment of Yi traditional culture that Yi embroidery supports a wide range of style, making it rich and fascinating. Embroidery, historically speaking, is the needlework, which is a craft that according to the design pattern, operate embroidery on the textile with embroidery needle threads, then constitute patterns with embroidery Stitch. Among Yi embroidery works, there are representation Pattern and pure abstract pattern. Yi embroidery is particular about rhythm and cadence, no matter the color is intense or quietly elegant, both of which can fully display glamour of Yi embroidery. The content of embroidery is mainly about totem, legend, animal and plant, symbol and words, etc. The main colors are black, yellow, red, green and blue. In Yi history, the Black Yi’s statue is in the driver's seat, and they advocate and value black. In the past time, most of Yi lived on the red lands, so they also have special preference and worship of red. Red stands for fire with evolutionary vitality. Blue stands for sky, which represents that Yi’s heart is more pure than the blue sky, as well as their higher spiritual pursuit. Yellow stands for the sun, and it’s worship of the nature and expectation of bumper grain harvests.
1. Please use English to summarize the characteristics of Yi lacquer.
2. Please introduce Yi embroidery briefly in English.
3. Please cooperate with your group to complete a short play about the brief introduction of Yi folk handicrafts in 5～8 minutes.