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教学团队教学内容-彝族支系简介

2019年01月02日 08:39  点击:[]

A Brief Introduction of Yi Nationality Branches

Key words: Yi nationality; Yi nationality branches; ethnic minority; distribution; ethnic origin; diverse ancestorsself-appellation; a-third person appellation

 

The Yi nationality, an ancient nation with a long history, has a world population of 9 million or so by 2010, among which over 8,700,000 people lives in China and nearly 1 million in South-east Asian Nations. Ranked sixth among 55 ethnic minorities in China, the Yi nationality is widely distributed in five provinces as Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Chongqing and Guangxi. Overseas Yi people are mainly distributed in Southeast Asian countries such as Vietnam, Laos, Burma, Thailand and so on.

 

The Yi people, claiming to be "Ni" which, in the ancient Chinese, is pronounced as "Yi",  are often called Yi nationality in the Chinese records."Yi" later, referred to the Chinese character pattern and structure, means the house full of "rice" and "silk" or food and clothing, a symbol of prosperity. Therefore, “Yi” nationality was changed into “Yi "nationality.

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Yi Nationality

 

Yi Nationality Branches

The ethnic Yi is a nation of many branches with complex Self- appellation. The study of its ethnic origin shows that the Yi people and the ancient Tibetan-Burmese People have formed a large community of group before the Christian era. From the late Han to Wei-Jin Dynasty, Yi nationality came into being, that is, the period of diverse ancestors of the Yi people in ancient legends.

 

More than 2000 years ago, Yi ancestors have been transferred to the patriarchal clan society and " Zhong Mouyou", the forefather of Yi people, gave birth to 6 sons known as "Six Patriarchs": Wu, Zha, Bu, Mo, Nuo, Heng------ six branches of the ancestors. To survive and develop in the period of relatively low productivity, they migrated respectively to Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou and other places, and formed more branches after a long historical development. At present, several large branches are: A'xi, Sani, Azhe, Luowu, Tusu, Nuosu, Niesu, Gaisu, Chesu, Aluo, Azha, Awu, Sama, Lalu, Lami, Laluo, Lipo, Gepo, Nanuo.

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Forefather of Yi Nationality           the Six Patriarchs          Migration of the diverse ancestors

 

Yi Nationality Branches in Yunnan

Today, Chinese Yi people are mainly distributed in Yunnan Province, accounting for about 60% of the Yi population in China. Yunnan Yi, mostly concentrated in Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture, the Ailao Mountains of Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Wumeng mountainous area and Liangshan area in Northwest Yunnan, have twenty-four major branches and claim to be Nuosupo and Nuosu Yi; Nasupo and Nasu Yi; Misupo and Naluobo Yi; Luoluopu Yi; the Yi branch of Poluo, powa and zuoke; the Yi branch of Polata, Tulapo, Lalupu and Alu; Sanipu and Nipu Yi; Niesupu Yi; Lipo Yi; Shansu and Azu Yi; Axipu Yi; Azhepu Yi; Gepu and Aduobo Yi; Awu and Awu Yi; Luomi Yi; Miqi Yi; Aluopu Yi; Talusu and Tagusu Yi; Lawusu Yi; Samodu Yi; Taliu and Tanglang Yi; Nasu Yi; Nazhasu Yi and Liuxunbo Yi.

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Nuosu Yi                   Nasu Yi                        Sani Yi

 

Yi Nationality Branches in Chuxiong

13 branches of the Yi nationality, belonging to the ancient Diqiang branch, are distributed In Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture, which are Luoluo Yi, Lipu Yi, Nuosu Yi, Nasu Yi, Shansu Yi, Chesu Yi, Misaru Yi, Miqiepu Yi, Gesupu Yi, Sani Yi, Muyi Yi, Naluo Yi and Gepu Yi.

 

 

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Luoluo Yi and Lipu Yi          Shansu Yi                            Sani Yi

 

 

Exercises:

1. A brief description of the characteristics of the Yi People's branches in Yunnan.

2. A Brief introduction of Yi diverse ancestors.

3. A group work on a 8-10 minutes Chuxiong Yi opera performance.

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